Dry Skin Symptoms
Dry skin (xerosis) is a common condition with many causes. Dry skin occurs when skin doesn’t retain sufficient moisture. Dry skin can have causes that aren’t due to underlying disease. Examples include dry environment, frequently washing hands, inadequate hydration, swimming in a chlorinated pool, use of harsh soaps, aging, or certain medical conditions.
When your skin is dry, It can be uncomfortable ; rough, itchy, and gray or ashy in color. It may feel tight, especially after you shower, bathe, or swim. Itching is one of the most common symptoms of dry skin. You may have unusual redness and lines and cracks in the skin, sometimes deep enough that they bleed.
Dry skin is more common in colder winter months and drier climates. This is because cold winter air means low humidity, both outdoors and indoors. The water content of the epidermis (the outermost layer of skin) tends to reflect the level of humidity around it. You can have dry skin at any age, but the elderly are more prone to dry skin than younger people..
Dry skin is more common in individuals with a history of eczem. Repeat itch-scratch cycles may lead to skin thickening and darkening. Possible complications include rashes, eczema, and bacterial infections.
Dry, itchy skin is the most noticeable symptom, but you may also have a rash inside your elbows, behind your knees, and on your face, hands, and feet. It’s most often caused by an allergic reaction and usually can be managed if you moisturize your skin and stay away from what triggered it — detergent, perfume, sand, or cigarette smoke, for example.
What is the treatment for dry skin?
The best treatment for dry skin is to lubricate it daily with emollients (substances that inhibit the evaporation of water). Since most dry skin is caused by external causes, external treatments such as creams and lotions can be applied and effectively control skin problems. Often, dry skin can be improved by applying an over-the-counter moisturizer. Once other causes of dry skin have been eliminated, the main goals of treatment are to stop itching, prevent water loss, and restore skin hydration.
A mild moisturizing lotion for mildly dry skin includes:
- Cetaphil Lotion
- Lubriderm lotion
- Curel Lotion
10 Home Remedies for Dry Skin
Several home remedies, such as decreasing bathing frequency and lubricating the skin with moisturizers after showers, can help control and prevent dry skin.
1. Lukewarm Shower
Dry skin can be improved by bathing or soaking in lukewarm water and avoiding excessive scrubbing of the skin. Hot water and scrubbing hard to eliminate the natural oils that protect the skin and make the skin drier.
2. Avocado Cream Mask
Make a homemade avocado mask is another natural way to soothe dry skin. Crompton suggests mashing half an avocado and mixing it with 1 teaspoon (tsp) olive oil; You can also add 1 tablespoon (tbsp) of honey for very dry skin. Apply the mask to your face, leave it on for 15 to 20 minutes, then rinse it off. Your skin will feel moisturised, but you can also increase the hydrating effect by applying an ordinary moisturizer.
3. Oatmeal Baths
Oatmeal can be a natural ingredient to treat dry skin and even irritated skin. Colloidal oatmeal has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that can relieve irritation. Apart from dry skin, oatmeal can be used effectively if you want to relieve itching on the skin. To use it, you can add ground oatmeal to the bath or use a soap or cream that contains oatmeal.
4. Homemade Oatmeal Honey Mask
Oatmeal makes a great exfoliator or mask too. Mix 2 tablespoons of oats with 1 tablespoon of honey and a little water. Crompton suggests warming the mixture, then applying it to your skin. You can use it just to exfoliate and wash off immediately, or leave it on for 15 to 20 minutes as a soothing and hydrating mask.
5. Apply coconut oil
Coconut oil has emollient properties. Emollients can fill in the spaces between the cells of the skin, creating a smooth surface. That’s why the naturally occurring saturated fatty acids in coconut oil moisturize and smoothen the skin. You can use coconut oil every day in the most sensitive part of the body though. This includes the area under the eyes and around the mouth. Another advantage of coconut oil is that you don’t need to mix it with anything. Coconut oil is gentle enough for daily use.
6. Natural Olive Oil and Sugar Scrub
Create an exfoliating scrub natural moisturizers use a combination of olive oil and sugar. Combine a cup of sugar with 2 tablespoons olive oil, says Crompton. If you want, you can also add essential oils such as lavender, which add natural fragrance and can promote relaxation. Gently rub the scrub into your skin, then rinse. Finally, use a soothing moisturizer to lock in the benefits of the newly peeled skin.
7. Use a Milk Compress for Irritated Skin
“Milk has natural anti-inflammatory properties. It also contains lactic acid, a mild natural exfoliant.” To make a milk compress, the Cincinnati Health Institute recommends soaking a clean cloth (such as a washcloth or towel) in a bowl of cold milk, and holding it in a dry place. Shainhouse recommends using this compress on your skin for every 5 to 10 minutes. It is especially helpful for irritated skin that is also itchy. Lactic acid can sting chapped skin, so use it with caution, according to Harvard Health Publishing.
8. Apply Aloe Vera to Dry and Irritated Skin
Although often seen as a remedy to relieve sunburn, aloe vera gel can also help during the winter months are dry. It works by reducing redness and irritation associated with excessive dryness and may even reduce the signs of aging, and acne, according to previous studies. But some people can develop allergic contact dermatitis to aloe vera, so you may want to do a patch test first before applying it to large areas of skin.
9. Applying petroleum jelly
The benefits of petroleum jelly, also known as mineral oil, have been widely used as a natural moisturizer.
This natural ingredient can cover the skin with a protective layer that keeps moisture underneath so that it can help deal with dry and irritated skin.
You only need to apply it on the skin that feels dry.
10. Antioxidants and omega-3
When your skin is dry, it means you are exposed to the elements that damage skin cells faster than your body’s ability to repair it. There are several foods that can help your skin look healthier, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Foods rich in antioxidants can minimize the damage from toxins and help your body make healthy cells. Some foods that contribute to healthy skin include: blueberries, tomato, carrot, peas, nuts. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, can also contribute to a glowing skin diet.
Try these tips to keep skin from getting excessively dry:
- Moisturize. Moisturizer seals skin to keep water from escaping.
- Limit water exposure. Keep bath and shower time to 10 minutes or less. Turn the dial to warm, not hot. Try to bathe no more than once a day.
- Skip the drying soap. Try cleansing creams, gentle skin cleansers and shower gels with added moisturizers.
- Cover as much skin as possible in cold or windy weather. Winter can be especially drying to skin, so be sure to wear a scarf, hat and gloves when you go out.
- Wear rubber gloves. If you have to immerse your hands in water or are using harsh cleansers, wearing gloves can help protect your skin.
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