Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder that affects the way the body regulates blood sugar or glucose. Diabetes increases a person’s risk for serious complications, leading to blindness, kidney failure, and risk of stroke, heart disease, to amputation.
Diabetes consists of two kinds, type 1 and type 2. Both of them affect the way the body manages blood sugar. Blood sugar, known as glucose, is the fuel for the body’s cells to produce energy. However, glucose requires insulin to enter the body’s cells.
In individuals with type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin because the immune system destroys cells that produce insulin. Without insulin, cells are unable to absorb the glucose needed to produce energy.
While in individuals with type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to use insulin immediately or experience insulin resistance. When the condition of type 2 diabetes in a person gets worse, the pancreas will produce less insulin.
The Difference Diabetes Type 1 and 2
The difference diabetes type 1 and 2, simply, in people with type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. As for type 2 diabetics, the body produces insulin but is unable to use it effectively.
Type 1 diabetes is often caused by heredity and can not be prevented. In contrast to type 1, people with type 2 diabetes are more common, the ratio is 20: 1. Type 2 diabetes can be due to heredity, but can also be caused by excess weight, unhealthy diet, and lack of exercise.
Citing the Healthline page, there is no cure for type 1 diabetes. While type 2 diabetes, this condition can be prevented or inhibited severity by changing lifestyles to be healthier.
The Medical News Today page writes that some scientists are currently studying a combination of immunosuppressant drugs and drugs that can increase gastrin production to trigger pancreatic regeneration. Hopefully, later individuals with type 1 diabetes can live without insulin.